Papaya is a short-lived, fast-growing perennia tropical plant that produces delicious edible fruit. It bears early than any other fruit crop in less than a year. Gaining in popularity worldwide, papaya is now ranked fourth in India with 5639.3 thousand MT produced from 133400 hectares in 2014.
In India, a large number of papaya varieties are cultivated. There are two basic types of varieties - ‘dioecious’ that produce separate female and male plants and ‘gynodioecious’ that produce female and hermaphrodite plants. IIHR, Bangalore has developed several Papaya varieties and hybrids namely Arka prabhat, Arka Surya,
The Papaya plant prone to many diseases viz fungal, Bacterial and Viral diseases The major diseases affecting papaya crop are :
Papaya leaf curl
Papaya ring spot
It is important that Papaya Pest be recognized early in their development so that effective management strategies can be implemented. The important pests are Papaya mealybug
Red Spider mite
Root knot nematode